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Makoce Agriculture Development is a community-based, Lakota-led nonprofit organization on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.  Makoce, in the Lakota language, means “homelands” and their mission is to develop Indigenous agriculture and food systems designed to regenerate equitable healthy communities, economies and environment.  Makoce envisions a local food system of entrepreneurs who look to traditional Indigenous knowledge of land and animal stewardship as well as nutrition and health. With this knowledge, a network of Indigenous educators, advocates, farmers, chefs, and business professionals will expand knowledge, grow food, and create products. This system stimulates a market for healthy products both locally and regionally. This system also fosters a growing network of partners through its programs, classes, conferences, and policy work.


Hoxie Collective and Substance Architecture led a diverse team of professionals to help Makoce develop 23 acres of tribal trust land as a Food Systems District.  This vision plan focuses primarily on the Food Systems District as the physical commercial space to build the food system network.  The District includes a Food Systems Institute that will be the home for Makoce’s educational courses, meetings, and collaboration opportunities, including producer training and history of Indigenous foods.  The site also includes a 4- acre regenerative production farm as the first educational farm land on Pine Ridge Reservation as well as processing and storage facilities to support local producers.


Each decision on this site provides an opportunity to: educate and inspire the community to care for the land, consider of every drop of water as a precious gift, and integrate the natural features to create a place unlike any other.  The site plan design focuses on providing a mix of flexible spaces and uses, both indoors and outdoors, to accommodate Makoce’s operations.  The landscape design is based on enhancing and restoring the ecosystems and resilience of the site while providing hands-on learning opportunities.  A network of trails weave through the site to provide community access to beautiful outdoor spaces.  Infrastructure systems reinforce the idea of the building and site being independently resilient, with features including a green roof, passive cooling and ventilation, solar power, and other features.



Pine Ridge Indian Reservation,

Porcupine, South Dakota


Plan completed September 2023; Construction documentation underway


Makoce Agriculture Development


Hoxie Collective (Co-Lead)

Substance Architecture (Co-Lead)

SWT Design


KLJ Engineering

US Department of Agriculture

Document Links

Related Projects


2024 Honor Award: Prairie Gateway Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects

Courtyard Research Plots

Greenhouse Event Space

Oglala Lakota Agriculture

Food Hub Planning

Site Plan

Building Systems

Site Systems

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